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Brain-Hacking Tech Gets Real: 5 Companies Leading the Charge

Опубликовано : 1-09-2017, 16:19 | Категория: Technology news   
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In recent months in Silicon Valley, there has been a lot of hype about technology that can unite the human brain with machines. But how will this technology help society, and which companies lead the accusation?
Tesla and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk made waves in March when he announced his latest Neuralink venture, which will develop the so-called Brain Computer Interfaces (BCI). Initially BCI will be used for medical research, but the ultimate goal is to prevent obsolescence of people, allowing people to merge with artificial intelligence.
Although they may seem high goals, Mask is not the only one who is trying to bring people closer to the cars. Here are five companies that doubled when a brain broke.
Neuralink
According to Musk, the main barrier to human-machine cooperation is the "bandwidth" of communication.
This means that using a touch screen or keyboard is a slow way to communicate with a computer. The new Musk enterprise is aimed at creating a direct "high-speed" connection between the human brain and machines.
In fact, this system will not be completely clear. Words such as "neural lace" and "neural dust" were discussed, but everything that was actually revealed is a business model. Neuralink is registered as a medical research company, and Mask said the firm will produce a product to help people with severe brain trauma for four years.
This will lay the foundation for the development of BCI for healthy people, which will allow people to communicate through "consensual telepathy," which can be ready for five years, Musk said. Some scientists, especially those in neuroscience, are skeptical of Muscat's ambitious plans.
facebook
To keep up, just a few weeks after Musk launched Neuralink, Facebook announced that it was working to ensure that people could print their thoughts.
The goal is to create a device that will allow people to "print" up to 100 words per minute, according to Regina Dugan, head of the group's secret research group Building 8. Dugan also suggested that the device could work as a "brain mouse" for extended reality (AR), eliminating the need to track hand movements to control cursors, reports The Verge.
Facebook also talked about the details of their plans. The company said it does not think that implants are possible in the long term, so it focuses on developing a kind of cap that could monitor brain activity non-invasively, most likely using optical visualization.
But this technology does not exist yet. Thus, at the same time, Facebook said that within two years he plans to create a prototype medical implant, which will pave the way for future devices.
core
Musk was not the first wealthy entrepreneur to immerse himself in the undeveloped space of neurotechnology. In August last year, Brian Johnson, founder of online payment company Braintree, invested $ 100 million in a startup called Kernel.

The company's original goal was to develop a chip that could record memories and translate them into the brain based on the research of Theodor Berger, a biomedical engineer and neurologist from the University of Southern California. But six months later, two disparate ways because of the long time frame, told MIT Technology Review, and the company now focuses on technology similar to Neuralink.
The nucleus plans to build a flexible platform for recording and stimulating neurons to treat diseases such as depression and Alzheimer's. But, like Musk, Johnson is not afraid to discuss the prospects of using technology to increase human capabilities and merge with machines.
"There is tremendous potential for joint development with our technologies," Johnson told CNBC.
Emotiv
Unlike some other companies in this growing industry, Emotiv actually produces products - electroencephalographic headphones, which fix brain activity non-invasively.
The technology is lower in accuracy than the types of neural implants that other companies, such as Neuralink, are considering, but they are more established. The company has a research device called EPOC +, which sells for $ 799. But it also creates a more consumer-oriented headset called Insight, which sells for $ 299.
Emotiv also produces many software products that allow users to visualize their brain activity in 3D; to measure their cerebral fitness; and even manage unmanned aerial vehicles, robots and video games, reports The Daily Dot. The company was selected to participate in the Disney Accelerator program in 2015 with the goal of creating "wearable for the brain".
DARPA
Despite the fact that this is not the company itself, last year the Agency for Military Research






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